StellarWindow turns your laptop into a virtual planetarium

first_img Citation: StellarWindow turns your laptop into a virtual planetarium (2008, September 5) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2008-09-stellarwindow-laptop-virtual-planetarium.html StellarWindow consists of a USB stick containing a compass and accelerometer that can identify which celestial objects a user is pointing their computer at. Credit: Hobby Media. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. If you enjoy looking at the stars, but get a little impatient trying to figure out which way to hold your star map to identify the constellations, a new software program may make things easier. Called StellarWindow, the program gives you a real-time guided tour of the night sky wherever you’re looking. You simply insert a USB stick and CD into your laptop, tablet, or PC. The stick contains an embedded magnetic compass and accelerometers for sensing tilt. By pointing your computer at a certain area of the sky, the system automatically identifies the stars or planets in that location and displays stock photos and additional information. The concept also works in reverse: StellarWindow has a voice recognition system, so users can speak the name of a star, constellation, or planet, and the software will tell you how to point your computer in the right direction. StellarWindow is being released by Fairy Devices, Inc., a Japanese start-up company created by a group of students from Waseda University. Fairy Devices plans to release the software by the end of 2008 for about 26 Yen ($250).More information: Fairy Device Product Pagevia: Hobby Media last_img read more

WowWee Rovio WiFi Webcam A Consumer Wunderkind

first_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. (PhysOrg.com) — WowWee introduces the first consumer WiFi roving Webcam for being there without having to go there. The WowWee Rovio is PC/Mac compatible and measures approximately 13.5-inches x 12-inches x 14-inches and weighs only 5-pounds. Rovio’s three omni-directional wheel design allows it to roam around an office area, home or small manufacturing area maneuvering its way around pets, furniture and obstructions without tipping over. Rovio connects up to a users WiFi network via a laptop, game console or wireless cell phone. The technical requirements include Explorer 6 or higher, Mozilla FireFox 1.5 or higher, Safari 3.0 or higher, Safari Mobile or Opera Mobile. A high-speed Internet connection, 802.11b/g, a USB port and a wireless access point device. The rechargeable battery pack is included and extra charging stations are available for docking Rovio in various rooms. The WowWee Rovio may not be for people short on patience while it grows up, but Wee Willie Winkie and fun loving gadget fans will love it.© 2009 PhysOrg.com Rovio’s TrueTrack beacon guides it back home to its charger station so you never have to worry about it running out of battery life. The Rovio comes with a CD interactive set up guide, a USB cable, a charger station and an AC power adapter. Once the device is connected to the wireless network the set up guide does the rest. To set up an external network a user needs to set up a port forwarding to your router by following the steps in the written guidelines on-line. A recent firmware update may in time clear up connectivity issues cited by some reviewers. WowWee Roviocenter_img Explore further Citation: WowWee Rovio WiFi Webcam A Consumer Wunderkind (2009, January 6) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2009-01-wowwee-rovio-wifi-webcam-consumer.html SPR Therapeutics’ neuromodulation system treats phantom-limb painlast_img read more

Adaptive headlamp system introduced

first_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Valeo’s BeamAtic Premium system High beam provides the most efficient lighting for vehicles, but every time another vehicle approaches or is in front, the lights must be switched to low beam. In the Valeo BeamAtic Premium system, which is also called an “Adaptive Driving Beam,” switching between high and low beams is unnecessary because the lighting is automatically adjusted in response to another vehicle being detected by an onboard camera.In the high beam position, maximum light is maintained everywhere except in zones occupied by other vehicles either in front or approaching. Each headlamp produces a cone of light, but when a vehicle is detected a mobile shield is brought into position to block off some of the light. The onboard camera is equipped with powerful image processing software that enables it to track the trajectory of the other vehicle and ensure the other driver is not dazzled by the high beam.Drivers in other vehicles see what appears to be low beam light, while the driver in the car fitted with BeamAtic sees what appears to be normal high beam light, with the road fully illuminated. © 2010 PhysOrg.com Honda Develops New Multi-View Vehicle Camera System to Provide View of Surrounding Areas The system includes a “Tourism” feature that adapts the lighting for driving in countries in which traffic travels on the opposite side of the road. Valeo says the new system will improve driver safety since objects at the sides of the road are more clearly visible. The system won the International Technical Innovation Grand Prix at the international trade show, Equip Auto, in September 2009. The first BeamAtic Premium headlight systems will be available from lamp manufacturer Ichikoh Industries in Japan from this month, and Valeo is negotiating with Japanese car makers for the system to be included in future vehicles.The Valeo Group is one of the world’s top automotive suppliers, producing a range of vehicle components. It has branches in 27 countries and employs 56,000 people. Explore further Citation: Adaptive headlamp system introduced (2010, September 2) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-09-headlamp.html (PhysOrg.com) — The independent industrial group Valeo, which is headquartered in France, has introduced a “BeamAtic” adaptive headlight system that enables drivers to keep their lights on high beam without dazzling other drivers.last_img read more

New explanation for Hawaiian hot spot

first_imgHawaii Volcanoes National Park. Image: nps.gov Hawaii’s volcanoes have puzzled scientists for decades because the islands lie in the middle of a tectonic plate rather than at the edge, where volcanic activity would be expected. Until now the prevailing theory has been the mantle plume theory, which suggested the volcanism was fed by a hot plume rising from the Earth’s mantle, but so far efforts to detect a hot plume seismically have remained inconclusive.The mantle plume theory was developed by US scientist Jason Morgan in 1971 and suggests the tectonic plate is sliding above a stationary plume of molten rock lying deep within the mantle, with upwellings of lava forming undersea volcanoes that eventually grew upwards to become islands. As the tectonic plate continued to move the volcanoes were extinguished and some of the islands eroded and dropped below sea level. The result was the Hawaiian-Emperor seamount chain, which stretches from the Aleutian Trench in the northwest to the present-day Hawaiian islands in the southeast.The new research, by a team led by seismologist Dr Robert van der Hilst of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) imaged the scattering of seismic waves from discontinuities in the mantle to try to identify plumes and other subterranean structures. Discontinuities are formed when the rocks in the mantle are squeezed together at such high pressures that they abruptly reorganize themselves. They included data from almost 170,000 reflected seismic signals along with seismic data from around 4,800 earthquakes in the Pacific region.The next step in the research was to use computer models of the behavior of a variety of minerals at different temperatures and pressures to predict the temperature of the regions beneath the Earth’s surface that reflect the seismic waves. The results suggested a shallow 800-to 2,000-kilometer-wide “thermal anomaly” exists near the top of the lower mantle around 720 kilometers beneath the surface to the west of Hawaii. This suggests that the mantle plume theory might be wrong, since the findings do not support hot material rising as a narrow vertical plume.According to van der Hilst, the current volcanic activity might be fuelled instead by molten rocks bubbling upwards from the eastern edge of the pool of trapped materials “like a lava lamp” rather than a mantle plume. Other scientists have some misgivings, with Thorne Lay of the University of California pointing out that some of the data selected for the analysis were not clean enough since 170,000 good quality waveforms do not exist, and using noisy data could have introduced errors.Dr van der Hilst agreed the team used data other seismologists could discard as too noisy, but said they were able to “exploit the noise reduction of very large data sets.” He also said that carefully selecting data could produce bias in the results.The paper was published in the journal Science on May 27. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. New Technology Allows Geophysicist To Test Theory About Formation of Hawaii (w/ Podcast) (PhysOrg.com) — Scientists in the US have suggested that volcanic activity in Hawaii could be fed by a giant hot rock pool 1,000 kilometers west of the islands and in the Earth’s mantle, rather than being fed by a hot plume of magma as previously thought. More information: Seismic Imaging of Transition Zone Discontinuities Suggests Hot Mantle West of Hawaii, Science 27 May 2011: Vol. 332 no. 6033 pp. 1068-1071 DOI: 10.1126/science.1202731ABSTRACTThe Hawaiian hotspot is often attributed to hot material rising from depth in the mantle, but efforts to detect a thermal plume seismically have been inconclusive. To investigate pertinent thermal anomalies, we imaged with inverse scattering of SS waves the depths to seismic discontinuities below the Central Pacific, which we explain with olivine and garnet transitions in a pyrolitic mantle. The presence of an 800- to 2000-kilometer-wide thermal anomaly (ΔTmax ~300 to 400 kelvin) deep in the transition zone west of Hawaii suggests that hot material does not rise from the lower mantle through a narrow vertical plume but accumulates near the base of the transition zone before being entrained in flow toward Hawaii and, perhaps, other islands. This implies that geochemical trends in Hawaiian lavas cannot constrain lower mantle domains directly. Explore further Citation: New explanation for Hawaiian hot spot (2011, May 27) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-05-explanation-hawaiian-hot.html © 2010 PhysOrg.comlast_img read more

Charlotte robot tells the world where its not going

first_img(Phys.org) —A resourceful thinker who likes to learn as he goes, Kevin Ochs started out on a project with the intention of brushing up skills in C++ programming. He has come up with something quite interesting as a result. He has a six-legged robot that talks about its progress while navigating obstacles. “This robot project was a mental exercise for me,” he said, on “My Raspberry Pi Robot Called Charlotte,” his Web page. “It had been several years since I had done anything with C++ and I needed to shore up that skill set.” The distinctive edge to Charlotte is that it not only can avoid obstacles by moving out and away from them but can talk about its navigations with the added twist of an open source speech synthesizer, eSpeak. According to the eSpeak site, this is a compact software speech synthesizer for Linux or Windows, which uses a “formant synthesis” method. This allows many languages to be provided in a small size. The speech is clear, but has limitation in that it is not as natural or smooth as larger synthesizers based on human speech recordings. © 2013 Phys.org Explore further The Ochs creation, Charlotte, moves about and talks, a design making use of a kit then custom-fashioned by Ochs. First, he turned to the robot shop Trossen Robotics, a business with an ample variety of robot kits and parts. Ochs chose a hexapod robot kit. “I found a robot kit sold by Trossen Robotics that visually seemed interesting and was powered by a Arduino-based controller. I purchased the kit and began learning how it was controlled with the stock code they provided.” He then proceeded to make modifications. Mainly, he gave it a “brain” in the form of an overclocked Raspberry Pi computer. (“To note the Rpi is overclocked to 1000Mhz,” Ochs said.) The Raspberry Pi resides in between the Trossen-supplied body. Ochs also applied custom C++ coding with the aid of the Raspberry Pi, his own code based on or inspired by what was done in Phoenix code. He also used openNI (defined as the standard framework for 3-D sensing) and openCV to develop a heads up display and collision detection; openCV stands for Open Source computer vision. It provides a computer vision and machine learning software library, with over 2500 optimized algorithms. Citation: Charlotte robot tells the world where it’s not going (2013, June 3) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-06-charlotte-robot-world.html More information: charlotte-robot.com/espeak.sourceforge.netwww.openni.org/about/#.UayvuJzMDow This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Kondo Robot releases a hexapod robot kit (w/ video)last_img read more

Astrophysicists duo propose Planck star as core of black holes

first_img More information: Planck stars, arXiv:1401.6562 [gr-qc] arxiv.org/abs/1401.6562AbstractA star that collapses gravitationally can reach a further stage of its life, where quantum-gravitational pressure counteracts weight. The duration of this stage is very short in the star proper time, yielding a bounce, but extremely long seen from the outside, because of the huge gravitational time dilation. Since the onset of quantum-gravitational effects is governed by energy density —-not by size—- the star can be much larger than planckian in this phase. The object emerging at the end of the Hawking evaporation of a black hole can then be larger than planckian by a factor (m/mP)n, where m is the mass fallen into the hole, mP is the Planck mass, and n is positive. We consider arguments for n=1/3 and for n=1. There is no causality violation or faster-than-light propagation. The existence of these objects alleviates the black-hole information paradox. More interestingly, these objects could have astrophysical and cosmological interest: they produce a detectable signal, of quantum gravitational origin, around the 10−14cm wavelength. Explore further © 2014 Phys.org Journal information: arXiv The current thinking regarding black holes is that they have two very simple parts, an event horizon and a singularity. Because a probe cannot be sent inside a black hole to see what is truly going on, researchers have to rely on theories. The singularity theory suffers from what has come to be known as the “information paradox”—black holes appear to destroy information, which would seem to violate the rules of general relativity, because they follow rules of quantum mechanics instead. This paradox has left deep thinking physicists such as Stephen Hawking uneasy—so much so that he and others have begun offering alternatives or amendments to existing theories. In this new effort, a pair of physicists suggest the idea of a Planck star.The idea of a Planck star has its origins with an argument to the Big Bang theory—this other idea holds that when the inevitable Big Crunch comes, instead of forming a singularity, something just a little more tangible will result—something on the Planck scale. And when that happens, a bounce will occur, causing the universe to expand again, and then to collapse again and so on forever back and forth.Rovelli and Vidotto wonder why this couldn’t be the case with black holes as well—instead of a singularity at its center, there could be a Planck structure—a star—which would allow for general relativity to come back into play. If this were the case, then a black hole could slowly over time lose mass due to Hawking Radiation—as the black hole contracted, the Planck star inside would grow bigger as information was absorbed. Eventually, the star would meet the event horizon and the black hole would dematerialize in an instant as all the information it had ever sucked in was cast out into the universe.This new idea by Rovelli and Vidotto will undoubtedly undergo close scrutiny in the astrophysicist community likely culminating in debate amongst those who find the idea of a Planck star an answer to the information paradox and those who find the entire idea implausible. (Phys.org) —Two astrophysics, Carlo Rovelli and Francesca Vidotto, have uploaded a paper to the preprint server arXiv in which they suggest that a structure known as a Planck star exists at the center of black holes, rather than a singularity. This would suggest, they note, that black holes at some point return all the information they have pulled in, to the universe.center_img Theorists apply loop quantum gravity theory to black hole Citation: Astrophysicists duo propose Planck star as core of black holes (2014, February 14) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-02-astrophysicists-duo-planck-star-core.html This artist’s concept depicts a supermassive black hole at the center of a galaxy. The blue color here represents radiation pouring out from material very close to the black hole. The grayish structure surrounding the black hole, called a torus, is made up of gas and dust. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Quantum fingerprinting surpasses classical limit

first_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further Ever since quantum fingerprinting was first proposed in 2001, it has for the most part remained an interesting theoretical concept, with only a handful of protocols having managed to experimentally demonstrate the idea. Now in a new study, researchers have experimentally demonstrated a quantum fingerprinting protocol and shown that it can surpass the classical limit for solving communication complexity problems. In these problems, two parties each have a message, and they both share some of their message with a referee, who has to decide whether the two messages are the same or not. The classical limit requires that a minimum amount of information must be transmitted between each party and the referee in order for the referee to make this decision.So far, the best communication complexity protocols have required transmitting an amount of data that is two orders of magnitude larger than the classical limit.Now in the new study, the scientists showed that quantum fingerprinting can transmit less information than that required by the classical limit, in some cases up to 84% less, by transmitting only the tiny amount of information that is contained in a quantum fingerprint. The results set a new record for transmitting the smallest amount of information for any type of communication complexity protocol. “For the first time, we have demonstrated the quantum advantage over classic information processing in communication complexity,” coauthor Qiang Zhang, a physicist at the University of Science and Technology of China and the Jinan Institute of Quantum Technology, told Phys.org. (Phys.org)—As the saying goes, no two fingerprints are alike, and the same is true for quantum fingerprints. Just as a human fingerprint is only a fraction of the size of a person, yet can be used to distinguish between any two people (at least in theory), quantum fingerprints are exponentially smaller than the string of information they represent, yet they can be used to distinguish between any two strings. The achievement could lead to a wide variety of applications in quantum communications, in particular the potential for the development of “green” (low-energy) communication methods. The results could also lead to new tests of the foundations of quantum physics, since quantum fingerprinting involves quantum phenomena such as nonlocality, which is related to quantum entanglement. Demonstrating the potential for applications, the researchers used the new protocol to transmit 2-Gbit video files over a 20-km fiber. By transmitting only the information contained in the files’ quantum fingerprints, this task requires transmitting only about 1300 photons, which is 14% less information than that required by the classical limit.However, the researchers note that the new protocol cannot be used for any real-world application—including sending video files—in its current form, since it still needs improvement in several areas. One drawback is that the new protocol takes more time to run than classical protocols, even though it uses less energy overall. Also, the number of transmitted photons required increases as the channel distance increases, so the quantum advantage diminishes over longer distances. The researchers plan to address these drawbacks in future work.”Although our setup utilizes less information compared to the classical limit, it takes more time and more channel resources,” Zhang said. “So we cannot find its application in its current status. We may try to improve the transmission time by using multiplexing. But we do not whether it will be useful.” The key to experimentally realizing the quantum fingerprinting protocol is the ability to distinguish between any two strings of quantum information just by knowing their quantum fingerprints. To do this, the researchers transmitted the quantum fingerprints in the form of single-photon pulses to two detectors. If the two fingerprints/pulses are different, both detectors click; if they’re identical, only one of the detectors clicks. Journal information: Physical Review Letters More information: Jian-Yu Guan et al. “Observation of Quantum Fingerprinting Beating the Classical Limit.” Physical Review Letters. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.240502 Citation: Quantum fingerprinting surpasses classical limit (2016, July 5) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-07-quantum-fingerprinting-surpasses-classical-limit.html © 2016 Phys.org (Left) Comparison of the amount of information transmitted by the best classical protocol, the quantum fingerprinting protocol (black points represent experimental results at 0 km, red points at 20 km), and the classical limit. For large messages, the quantum fingerprinting protocol surpasses the classical limit. (Right) This graph shows that, as distance decreases and data size increases, the advantage of quantum fingerprinting increases. The maximum advantage is 84% less information than the classical limit. Credit: Guan et al. ©2016 American Physical Society Illustration of the quantum fingerprinting protocol, which can transmit less information than the minimum required by the classical limit for solving a communication complexity problem. Credit: Guan et al. ©2016 American Physical Society Russian scientists make teleportation a ‘two-way road’ using the same quantum resourcelast_img read more

Taking statistics to the quantum domain

first_img More information: Gael Sentís et al. “Quantum Change Point.” Physical Review Letters. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.150502 Also at arXiv:1605.01916 [quant-ph] Although the local measurement method sounds appealing because it can potentially detect the change point as soon as it occurs without waiting for all of the particles to be emitted, the researchers found that global measurements outperform even the best local measurement strategies.The “catch” is that global measurements are more difficult to experimentally realize and require a quantum memory to store the quantum states as they arrive at the detector one by one. The local measurement methods don’t require a quantum memory, and instead can be implemented using much simpler devices in sequence. Since global detection requires a quantum memory, the results show that change point detection is another of the many problems for which quantum methods outperform all classical ones.”We expected that global measurements would help, as coherent quantum operations tend to exploit genuinely quantum resources and generally outperform local operations in many information processing tasks,” Sentis said. “However, this is a case-dependent advantage, and sometimes sophisticated and clever local strategies are enough to cover the gap. The fact that here there is a finite performance gap says something fundamental about change point detection in quantum scenarios.”The results have potential applications in any situation that involves analyzing data collected over time. Change point detection is also often used to divide a data sample into subsamples that can then be analyzed individually. “The ability to accurately detect quantum change points has immediate impact on any process that requires careful control of quantum information,” Sentis said. “It can be considered a quality testing device for any information processing task that requires (or produces) a sequence of identical quantum states. Applications may range from probing quantum optical fibers to boundary detection in solid state systems.”In the future, the researchers plan on exploring the many applications of quantum change point detection.”We plan on extending our theoretical methods to deal with more realistic scenarios,” Sentis said. “The possibilities are countless. A few examples of generalizations we are exploring are multiple change points, noisy quantum states, and detection of change points in optical setups.” Journal information: Physical Review Letters Physicists retrieve ‘lost’ information from quantum measurements In the quantum change point problem, a quantum source emits particles that are received by a detector. At some unknown point, a change occurs in the state of the particles being emitted. Physicists have found that global measurement methods, which use quantum repeaters, outperform all classical measurement methods for accurately identifying when the change occurred. Credit: Sentis et al. ©2016 American Physical Society Now in a new paper published in Physical Review Letters, physicists Gael Sentís et al. have taken the change point problem to the quantum domain. “Our work sets an important landmark in quantum information theory by porting a fundamental tool of classical statistical analysis into a fully quantum setup,” Sentis, at the University of the Basque Country in Bilbao, Spain, told Phys.org. “With an ever-growing number of promising applications of quantum technologies in all sorts of data processing, building a quantum statistical toolbox capable of dealing with real-world practical issues, of which change point detection is a prominent example, will be crucial. In our paper, we demonstrate the working principles of quantum change point detection and facilitate the grounds for further research on change points in applied scenarios.”Although change point problems can deal with very complex situations, they can also be understood with the simple example of playing a game of Heads or Tails. This game begins with a fair coin, but at some unknown point in the game the coin is switched with a biased one. By statistically analyzing the results of each coin toss from the beginning, it’s possible to determine the most likely point at which the coin was switched.Extending this problem to the quantum realm, the physicists looked at a quantum device that emits particles in a certain state, but at some unknown point the source begins to emit particles in a different state. Here the quantum change point problem can be understood as a problem of quantum state discrimination, since determining when the change in the source occurred is the same as distinguishing among all possible sequences of quantum states of the emitted particles.Physicists can determine the change point in this situation in two different ways: either by measuring the state of each particle as soon as it arrives at the detector (a “local measurement”), or by waiting until all of the particles have reached the detector and making a measurement at the very end (a “global measurement”). (Phys.org)—The change point problem is a concept in statistics that pops up in a wide variety of real-world situations, from stock markets to protein folding. The idea is to detect the exact point at which a sudden change has occurred, which could indicate, for example, the trigger of a financial crisis or a misfolded protein step. Explore further Citation: Taking statistics to the quantum domain (2016, November 9) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-11-statistics-quantum-domain.html © 2016 Phys.org This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Evidence of ancient weathering from acid rain may explain melting of snowball

first_img(Phys.org)—A team of researchers from China and the U.S. has found evidence of ancient weathering in a glacial deposit in China’s Hunan province. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the team outlines their findings and why they believe ancient weathering offers evidence of acid rain that might have played a role in the development of more advanced life forms on our planet. More information: Kang-Jun Huang et al. Episode of intense chemical weathering during the termination of the 635 Ma Marinoan glaciation, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2016). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1607712113AbstractCryogenian (∼720–635 Ma) global glaciations (the snowball Earth) represent the most extreme ice ages in Earth’s history. The termination of these snowball Earth glaciations is marked by the global precipitation of cap carbonates, which are interpreted to have been driven by intense chemical weathering on continents. However, direct geochemical evidence for the intense chemical weathering in the aftermath of snowball glaciations is lacking. Here, we report Mg isotopic data from the terminal Cryogenian or Marinoan-age Nantuo Formation and the overlying cap carbonate of the basal Doushantuo Formation in South China. A positive excursion of extremely high δ26Mg values (+0.56 to +0.95)—indicative of an episode of intense chemical weathering—occurs in the top Nantuo Formation, whereas the siliciclastic component of the overlying Doushantuo cap carbonate has significantly lower δ26Mg values (<+0.40), suggesting moderate to low intensity of chemical weathering during cap carbonate deposition. These observations suggest that cap carbonate deposition postdates the climax of chemical weathering, probably because of the suppression of carbonate precipitation in an acidified ocean when atmospheric CO2 concentration was high. Cap carbonate deposition did not occur until chemical weathering had consumed substantial amounts of atmospheric CO2 and accumulated high levels of oceanic alkalinity. Our finding confirms intense chemical weathering at the onset of deglaciation but indicates that the maximum weathering predated cap carbonate deposition. Scientists believe that planet Earth was covered from pole to pole in ice at least twice in its long history. The most recent "snowball" event is believed to have occurred from approximately 635 to 650 million years ago. Such an event would obviously have marked a very cold period in Earth's history, but it has also led planet scientists to wonder what might have occurred to melt the snowball. One theory suggests that even as the surface of the planet was frozen, there were still factors that caused a massive amount of greenhouse gases to build up in the atmosphere. Such a buildup would have trapped heat, eventually reaching a point at which surface ice would have melted. That amount of greenhouse gases, particularly carbon dioxide, would have also led to acid rain, which would have caused weathering on exposed rock after the ice covering melted. But scientists had not found any evidence of such weathering. Now, researchers with this new effort report that they found evidence of weathering in rocks gathered high on a mountain above a glacier. After obtaining samples and studying their magnesium isotopes, the researchers concluded that the rocks had been subjected to intense weathering due to exposure to chemicals consistent with acid rain—during a period in time at the end of the last snowball period.The researchers suggest acid rain might have been falling from the skies for hundreds of thousands of years, contributing, at least in part, to the Cambrian explosion, which occurred approximately 541 million years ago. Their thinking is that runoff from rock weathering due to the acid rain would have made its way to the world's oceans leading to the formation of cap carbonate on the floor, which they believe might have paved the way for the development of more complex life forms. Rock weathering may have led to 'Snowball Earth' A composite image of the Western hemisphere of the Earth. Credit: NASA Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciencescenter_img Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2016 Phys.org Citation: Evidence of ancient weathering from acid rain may explain melting of snowball Earth (2016, December 13) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-12-evidence-ancient-weathering-acid-snowball.htmllast_img read more

Physicists experimentally verify 40yearold fluid equations

first_imgFor decades, researchers have been using equations derived in the mid-1970s for a variety of fluid applications involving inks, foams, and bubbles, among other uses. These fundamental fluid equations describe how much force is required to pull a solid particle from a liquid surface. Although these equations have been experimentally confirmed for millimeter-sized particles, experimental confirmation in the micrometer regime has been lacking. Change in contact angle when detaching a microparticle from a liquid surface. Credit: Schellenberget et al. ©2018 American Physical Society Journal information: Physical Review Letters © 2018 Phys.org Aiming to fill this gap, researchers in a new study have, for the first time, simultaneously measured the capillary force on a single microparticle while imaging the shape of the liquid meniscus that forms underneath the particle, which tries to pull the particle back to the liquid. Their results experimentally verify the 1970s fluid equations for microparticles.The researchers, led by Hans-Jürgen Butt at the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research in Mainz, Germany, have published a paper on their experimental results in a recent issue of Physical Review Letters.Particle behavior on liquid surfaces has many applications, and has been widely studied, at least for particles down to about 0.3 millimeters in diameter. As one of these macroparticles is pulled out of the liquid, a meniscus forms between the particle and liquid surface, creating a capillary force that tries to pull the particle back to the surface. At macroscopic scales, gravity also plays a significant role in pulling a particle back down to the liquid surface. Experiments have also shown that, as a macroparticle is being pulled up from the surface, it can slide around on the surface with the meniscus sliding underneath.Things are different, however, at the microscale, where gravity is usually negligible compared to capillary forces. Since there have not been as many experiments with microparticles, many questions remain unanswered. Some of these open questions include determining how the capillary force and the shape of the meniscus are related, as well as whether microparticles can slide on the surface like macroscopic particles can.In their experiments, the researchers glued a glass microparticle to the end of a cantilever on a microscope, and then slowly immersed the cantilever with the microparticle into a container of glycerol. Using advanced microscope techniques, the researchers simultaneously measured the capillary force and the contact angle between the microparticle and the meniscus as the microparticle was slowly lifted out of the fluid. While the experimental results verified the fundamental fluid equations for microparticles in general, they also revealed some surprises. For instance, unlike for macroscopic particles, the contact line between a microparticle and the liquid surface is pinned down for most of the detaching process. Only in the final moments when the microparticle is about to detach does the particle slide around on the surface.The researchers expect that the results will be useful for the many applications that involve capillary forces of microparticles at liquid surfaces, such as mineral flotation and the deinking of paper. More information: Frank Schellenberger et al. “Detaching Microparticles from a Liquid Surface.” Physical Review Letters. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.048002center_img Explore further Citation: Physicists experimentally verify 40-year-old fluid equations (2018, August 27) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-08-physicists-experimentally-year-old-fluid-equations.html Aboard the ISS, researchers investigate complex dust behavior in plasmas This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Recordbreaking gene edit disables 13200 LINE1 Transposons in a single cell

first_img © 2019 Science X Network Explore further An international team of researchers has succeeded in making 13,200 edits to a single cell—and the cell survived. In their paper uploaded to the bioRxiv preprint server, the team describes the edits they made, how they did it and why. Credit: CC0 Public Domain Distorted, stretched DNA may increase risk of off-target changes with CRISPR-Cas9 Citation: Record-breaking gene edit disables 13,200 LINE-1 Transposons in a single cell (2019, March 27) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-03-record-breaking-gene-disables-line-transposons.html The CRISPR gene editing technique has made headlines around the world over the past several years as researchers have used it to edit genes in a variety of ways. More recently, researchers have attempted to make multiple edits to the same cell. Up until now, the record was 62 edits as part of an effort to remove remnants of retrovirus genes in a pig genome.The researchers explain that the reason they are working to perfect the multiple edit technique is to give them a way to remove LINE-1 transposons, also known as “jumping genes.” LINE-1 transposons are snippets of DNA that can move from one part of a genome to another, hence the nickname. Prior work has suggested that they are not necessary, and in fact, can lead to problems such as genetic diseases. Prior work has also shown that they make up approximately 17 percent of the human genome. That means that each cell has a lot of them, but getting rid of them one at a time would be a difficult challenge, to say the least. Because of that, the researchers with this new effort sought to get rid of them all in one fell swoop.The team notes that they first tried the regular CRISPR editing technique, but found that it resulted in a lot of collateral damage typically ending in cell death. The group then switched to using a version of CRISPR that has been modified into what has been described as a base editor—a gene editor that does not cut the DNA strand, but instead makes in-place letter swaps. Because it did not cut anything, the approach allowed the team to edit thousands of genes without killing the cell. The researchers note that the 13,200 edits they made represented just half of the LINE-1 transposons in the cell they were working on, but plan to continue working until they find a way to remove them all. More information: Cory J. Smith et al. Enabling large-scale genome editing by reducing DNA nicking, bioRxiv (2019). DOI: 10.1101/574020 This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

To Save The Science Poster Researchers Want To Kill It And Start

first_img“We are about to walk into a room full of 100 scientific posters, where researchers are trying to display their findings on a big poster board,” says Morrison, a doctoral student in psychology at Michigan State University. Read the whole story: NPR Mike Morrison hardly looks like a revolutionary. He’s wearing a dark suit and has short hair. But we’re about to enter a world of conformity that hasn’t changed in decades — maybe even a century. And in there, his vision seems radical.last_img read more

Face Recognition Lets Palestinians Cross Israe

first_imgFace Recognition Lets Palestinians Cross Israeli Checkposts… by NPR News Daniel Estrin 8.22.19 2:52pm It takes a few seconds: Palestinians place electronic ID cards on a sensor, stare at the aperture of a small black camera, then walk past panels fanning open to let them through.Israel is upgrading its West Bank checkpoints with facial recognition technology to verify Palestinians’ identities as they cross into Israel. The new system, which began rolling out late last year, eases their passage with shorter wait times — but is drawing criticism about the role the controversial technology plays in Israel’s military control over Palestinians.”Israel knows all the information about you,” said Palestinian university student Rina Khoury, as she walked through a checkpoint near Jerusalem this month.Some U.S. cities have banned the use of facial recognition technology over concerns that law enforcement could track the public — and human biases that creep into the technology could lead to misidentification of suspects. But it’s being adopted increasingly by police and airports in the U.S. and around the world — most notably in China, where experts say it is used to track and target its Muslim Uighur minority.Within an estimated few months, face recognition software will be installed at all West Bank crossings serving Palestinians, Israeli defense officials told NPR. Such screening is not used at separate West Bank checkpoints that Israelis drive through.The military checkpoints are part of a larger system regulating the entry of Palestinians into Israeli areas and even some predominantly Palestinian areas like East Jerusalem. Palestinians need special military permits to pass.Israel says checkpoints are needed to protect Israelis from potential attackers, following a period of suicide bombings in the early 2000s, while Palestinians consider them a degrading infringement on their freedom of movement and a symbol of Israel’s control over their lives.The facial recognition software used to identify Palestinians at checkpoints was developed by the Israeli tech company AnyVision, a company spokesman confirmed to NPR. TheMarker, an Israeli business newspaper, first identified the company’s involvement last month.AnyVision published a statement committing to ethical use of facial recognition and defending the technology’s use at “border crossings,” saying it is similar to what is used in some airports to verify travelers’ identity. A company spokesman told NPR the statement referred to the West Bank crossings.An AnyVision presentation says its technology has a 99.9% identification rate and is used at an unnamed airport it called “one of the most secure airports in the world.”TheMarker also reported that AnyVision’s technology is being deployed throughout the West Bank in a separate, “much more confidential” program to track “potential Palestinian assailants.” AnyVision and Israeli defense officials would not confirm this to NPR.Microsoft’s venture fund, M12, is an investor in AnyVision. “AnyVision agreed to comply with Microsoft’s facial recognition principles and that commitment is backed-up by verification mechanisms which we are discussing with them,” Microsoft’s venture fund said in a statement to NPR.AnyVision wouldn’t identify its clients but said its technology is installed in hundreds of sites in over 40 countries.”I don’t operate in China. I also don’t sell in Africa or Russia. We only sell systems to democratic countries with proper governments,” AnyVision CEO Eylon Etshtein told TheMarker.The company said it is now reconsidering a sales manager position it is advertising for Hong Kong, where pro-democracy protesters have been concealing their faces to protect from facial recognition technology used there. “In accordance with our ethical protocols, we’re re-evaluating whether the Sales Manager position is a fit at this time,” AnyVision said in a statement to NPR, adding that its technology is not used in Hong Kong and the company has no employees there.AnyVision markets its technology to banks and law enforcement agencies, according to a sales agent of the company based in Europe. It operates in some 40 countries.Following the Israeli media report about AnyVision’s technology in the West Bank, the sales agent said he fielded inquiries from law enforcement agencies in some Scandinavian countries that had been considering purchasing AnyVision’s technology and were concerned about how it might be used in the West Bank.”It doesn’t sound good,” the agent told NPR, referring to reports on the technology’s use in the West Bank and speaking on condition of anonymity to discuss the sensitive matter. “Clients asked what we do.”TSG IT Advanced Systems, a Tel Aviv-based security technology company, said in an interview with an Israeli defense news website that it had developed technology for Israel’s Defense Ministry, using camera footage from West Bank roadways to locate a car according to its license plate, model and color. “We added a facial recognition capability to the system,” the company’s CEO, Michael Zinderman, was quoted as saying.Critics argue Israeli tech companies benefit from their country’s military involvement in the Palestinian territories.”The West Bank and Gaza Strip in the past were a laboratory to use the Israeli newly developed weapons,” said Nadeem Nashif, a Palestinian digital rights activist. “In the past few years, it’s more about the technologies of surveillance that [are] being tested and later on sold to other countries.”With facial recognition technology, the more images it processes, the more its algorithms improve. Processing images of the nearly 100,000 Palestinian day laborers who cross checkpoints daily could prove useful in improving the technology. AnyVision told NPR it does not “use customer information/data.”Palestinians who request permits to enter Israel must first get photographed and fingerprinted at an Israeli military office. Their photos are stored in a biometric database and are connected to electronic ID cards they scan at the checkpoint. Facial recognition software at the checkpoint matches their face to their photos in Israel’s biometric database.Palestinians entering Israel for “humanitarian” purposes — medical treatment, weddings, funerals — are not subjected to the procedure, officials said.The number of Palestinians in the biometric database is rapidly increasing. Out of the approximately 2.7 million Palestinians living in the West Bank, Israeli defense officials said about 450,000 possess electronic ID cards and have their photos stored in the biometric database, up from a reported 383,000 in May.Israel is also building a biometric database of its own citizens and uses facial recognition technology at its international airport to identify Israeli travelers at passport control.The technology, critics say, helps entrench Israel’s military occupation of the West Bank, now in its 52nd year. “All of the startup technologies around policing and surveillance enable us to maintain what should be an unsustainable situation of military occupation,” said Jessica Montell of the Israeli human rights group HaMoked.But Israeli officials, and many Palestinian day laborers, praise the new checkpoint system for its efficiency. Dubbed “Speed Gate,” it “allows the Palestinian population to cross in very short time spans,” said defense official Elisha Hanukayev.For years, Palestinians had to muscle their way through crowds to be checked by soldiers. “We used to spend a good two hours here … chaos,” said construction worker Imad Khalil at an upgraded checkpoint. “Today we arrive and we immediately pass.”Omer Laviv of Mer Security and Communications Systems, an Israeli company that markets AnyVision technology to law enforcement agencies around the world, said facial recognition technology is a few decades away from being able to locate a suspect by scanning crowds in real time but could be used to match the photo of a specific suspect with recorded footage from a specific location.”Security concerns override privacy,” Laviv said.Defenders of the technology say its use in the West Bank should not be surprising.”Israel [has] enemies,” said Shabtai Shoval of the Israeli security technology company Suspect Detection Systems. “Privacy … is not really an issue in the West Bank. Because it’s either us or the Palestinian authorities, everybody is monitoring everybody, because everybody’s afraid [of] everybody.”The Palestinian Authority’s security services monitor Palestinian social media accounts and have allegedly collaborated with the CIA to spy on the phone conversations of senior Palestinian figures, but a Palestinian official told NPR that Palestinian authorities don’t have face recognition technologies.Shoval’s company has developed a device that measures thermal responses in faces that detect changes in temperature indicating heightened emotion that could indicate possible suspects seeking to carry out an attack.The device has been used in a Moscow railway station and a border crossing in an Asian country that Shoval declined to identify. But he said he has struggled to sell it to “democratic countries,” as he put it, arguing that Western countries are slower to adapt such intrusive screening technologies.Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit NPR. Sebastian Scheinercenter_img https://ondemand.npr.org/anon.npr-mp3/npr/me/2019/08/20190821_me_israel_uses_con…last_img read more

Revisiting Delhis heritage roots

first_imgPurana Quila, India Gate, Qutab Minar…what do all of these remind you of? The rich and colorful cultural history of Delhi. The land that saw the rise and fall of so many dynasties, absorbed and retained the impressions of each reign and became the city that it is now. Butdespite that, the Capital is not a part of the Unesco World Heritage Cities.In order to promote the city as a tourist hub and to nominate it as a World Heritage City, the Delhi chapter of INTACH organised programmes and competitions across 34 schools in Delhi to create awareness. They also launched the literature of Delhi Tourism that covers all the heritage sites in Delhi and is a part of World Monumaent’s Funds, Sustainable Tourism Initiative. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The publication was launched by chief minister Sheila Dikshit.‘Culture is like the root of a tree. If the root dries up, the tree dies. So being a proud citizen of Delhi, it is our responsibility to  know and learn about our culture and Delhi and preserve it,’ said LK Gupta of INTACH. The awareness programme was started in April last year and  students from several schools across the city participated in the event which had several categories like painting, poster making, short  film making, essay writing  and photography, all of which was based on Delhi and its culture. Students showcased their talents in these fields and produced some thoughtful works. The winners in each section were awarded by Dikshit. Posters and paintings created by students have been printed as cards, postcards and posters and will be distributed by INTACH and DTTDC.last_img read more

China sentences 8 to death for attacks in Xinjiang

first_imgThe Urumqi Intermediate People’s Court in the capital of Xinjiang also handed out suspended death sentences to five others, China Central Television said, without mentioning when the trials were held. In a separate case, the same court jailed seven minority students of a prominent Uighur scholar for three to eight years after convicting them of separatism, rights lawyer Li Fangping said Monday. Violence linked to Xinjiang has killed about 400 people in and outside the region over the past 20 months. Beijing has blamed the attacks on radical separatists with foreign ties, although critics and human rights advocates say Uighurs have chafed under the repressive rule of the Han Chinese-dominated government. Also Read – Pro-Govt supporters rally as Hong Kong’s divisions deepenUighurs also complain of economic disenfranchisement with the inflow of Han Chinese to their homeland. Beijing says it is pumping investments into the region to help it grow. Most attacks have been mounted against state targets, such as police stations, military checkpoints and government buildings, but assailants also have struck at civilians in several recent incidents, slashing at crowds with knives or setting off bombs at train stations and commercial areas.last_img read more

Of gourmet and romance

first_imgWhether it’s preparing the perfect and delectable dessert or pouring a classic rose vintage champagne, everything is consistently unmatched and impeccable at the award-winning restaurants on this special occasion.Prepared under the directions of Executive Chef Vishal Atreya, dishes are engineered to be served as a shared plate for two or the Yin-Yang desserts. The craftsmanship of providing the perfect setting from Romantic Canopies with private butler service offering four to five course delectable menu or a delectable lunch/dinner buffet celebrating the idea of love and food at 1911 and San Gimignano restaurants, promise memoirs frozen in time. The endeavor is to create a truly treasured moment for two people.  Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The palace like settings for the occasion is put together to spellbound the guests in its sense of flamboyance; a subtle flower arrangement of roses says it all as does a flickering candelabra or tasteful table appointments such as lotus napkin fold. The day celebrates endless love so in the same sense at The Imperial it’s all about an endless experience that culminates in a memory of a lifetime.One can also surprise your beloved with the exquisite, novel and flavoursome creations ranging from heart-shaped cakes to innovative chocolates and pastries at La Baguette, our French Patisserie. The wonderful day of togetherness finds true meaning at The Imperial.last_img read more

Indomitable spirit

first_imgSaurav, who performed here recently at the Grand Finale of the cultural stage show for people with disabilities is deaf.In an attempt to ‘empower’ the disabled, Manovikas, a charitable society, organised a cultural programme for the differently-abled children here at the India Islamic Cultural Centre last evening. “We wish to offer them a platform to showcase their abilities,” Vikram Dutt, President, Manovikas said. The finale was the culmination of four stage shows conducted earlier under the awareness programmes on inclusion and disabilities by the organisation. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’These were hosted across Delhi, Gurgaon, Faridabad and Ghaziabad with over 250 participants out of which 80 made the cut to the finals.The first group performance by St. Mary’s school, Dwarka left the audience in awe as they failed to distinguish the disabled children from the others.“Out the nine who performed six were disabled,” said Anuradha Gupta who is a special educator at the school, which she says is an inclusive school that offers education to children with disabilities in the same classrooms as the regular students. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with Netflix“Most of the times, they need special care and approach us during free time where we teach them exclusively,” Gupta added.Besides the dance performances, 11-year old Manu from Aakriti Vishesh Vidyalaya was a major attraction of the evening as he enacted a comic scene from the Bollywood film Bhoothnath. Dressed half as the little boy that he was, and the other half as the ghost from the film, he performed a dialogue between the two characters.The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, which conceptualised the event, offered to extend all possible ‘aid and assistance’ for the upliftment of the disabled in the country. “The government is committed towards their empowerment and supports the efforts made by Manovikas towards the cause,” Lov Verma, Secretary, Social Justice and Empowerment Ministry who was the chief guest for the evening said. Among the several projects conceived by the government for the empowerment of the disabled are the upcoming Open Paralympics, a national sports event scheduled this May and the National Skilling Plan under which it plans to skill 25 lakh youths by 2022, he said.last_img read more

Capitals date with Comic Con

first_imgThe show will feature over a 250 exhibitors, including artists, writers and creator s from across India and abroad. Spread over 100,000 sq feet, it will feature the best and the brightest from the Pop-Culture universe in India and the world including experiential zones, the coolest merchandise and comics along with an awesome line up of Indian and International guests. Kristian Nairn, actor, HBO’s hit series Game of Thrones will be attending, taking special sessions, signing posters and speaking to fans at DCC. This is for the first time that Comic Con India is bringing in an International actor as a special guest to Delhi.  Kristian is a Northern Irish actor and DJ. He is best known for his portrayal of Hodor in the HBO fantasy series Game of Thrones, where he initially appeared as a guest star in the first season and returned in this role for the second, third and fourth seasons.  Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’When asked about the event Kristian Nairn said, “I am really excited and looking forward to attend Indian Comic Con in Delhi. I can’t wait to meet all the fans of Game of Thrones, will see you all soon in December!”Famous international personalities and Comic Book guests like Rob Denbleyker, author of Cyanide and Happiness, Ty Templeton, Canadian comic book artist and writer and Dinesh Shamdasani, CEO, Valiant Entertainment will be attending and taking special sessions at DCC 2015. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixFor the sheer love for Comics, around 12 new titles will get launched at the convention. There will be International Exhibitors like Marvel Comics by Hachette India, DC, Dark Horse & Vertigo Comics by Random House India. Also, there will be some Awesome Anime & Manga Merch from Japanese Merchandiser IINE Toys, along with the best and most exclusive International merchandise at the convention from across the globe. Comic Con India is dedicated to creating unique events and giving the fans, exhibitors and partners a platform to celebrate their undying love and passion for comics and pop culture. Comic Con India is dedicated to expanding India’s popular culture by creating high profile events that cater to fans of not only comics, but also, gaming, movies, television, merchandise, toys and more.last_img read more

Weekend binges as bad as regular junk food

first_imgIf you are strict with your diet during the week and eat junk over the weekend, then maybe you are undoing all the good work done during the week.Yo-yoing between eating well during the week and bingeing on junk food over the weekend is likely to be just as bad for your gut health as a consistent diet of junk, a new study warned.The human gut consists of upto 100 trillion microbial cells that influence metabolism, nutrition and immune function. Disruption to the gut microbiota has been linked with gastrointestinal conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease and obesity. “The study was the first to compare how continuous or intermittent exposure to an unhealthy diet can impact the composition of the gut microbiota,” said lead author Margaret Morris from the University of New South Wales in Australia in the journal Molecular Nutrition and Food Research. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’“The findings indicate that intermittent exposure to junk food three days a week is sufficient to extensively shift the gut microbiota towards the pattern seen in obese rats consuming the diet continuously,” Morris added.“A reduction in the diversity of the gut’s microbiota and a loss of some of the beneficial biota is clearly not a good thing for health,” Morris stated. The research team compared the abundance of microbiota in rats, given continuous access to either a healthy diet or junk food with a group cycled between the two diets, healthy for four days and junk for three, over 16 weeks.last_img read more

Highlighting local issues

first_imgArt in a sense may not be able to change anything in the eye of the storm but it does and must bear witness. National Foundation for India (NFI), a social justice philanthropic institution that has nurtured several civil society initiatives across India’s Northeast and the rest of the country also believes in bearing witness.Given that NFI is completing 25 years of its civil society strengthening work, ‘Arteast,’ an initiative of NFI in collaboration with India International Centre (IIC), The Sasakawa Peace Foundation and Ourstories will be raising pertinent questions through a series of engagements on art, livelihood, social justice,climate change, communication, history, past and present; issues that have a far reaching impact on everyday life of people and of the nation. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfPreparations for ‘ArtEast’ 2017, a first of its kind festival on art and livelihood, migration and displacement are underway – artists, musicians, writers and members of the civil society are traveling to Delhi, from the Majuli island on the Brahmaputra, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Kolkata and Mumbai for the festival which will be held on March 24 and 25. The highlight of this festival is Majuli around which ‘ArtEast’ will feature a film and two art installations on March 24 and 25 respectively. This riverine island and its challenges has remained NFI’s focus since the last twenty years. The Film, Majuli – Land between Two Rivers by Parasher Baruah, explores the challenges in preserving the island physically and its culture of mask making that is as threatened as the island itself. A searing narrative of the survival of art and life itself, told through masked characters drawn from mythology. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveAnd besides the fountains at IIC, an exhibition, depicting the homelessness of the people of Majuli with relentless erosion and loss of livelihood would be displayed through water installations. Some of the other exhibitions are:Ebb and Flow: Migration, masks and River StoriesMask-makers and artists from Majuli, the world’s biggest inhabited river island will demonstrate their craft through installations and workshops. Central to their artistic approach is the performative aspect of masks. The exhibition will be on view from March 24 till 25, starting from 11 am till 7 pm at the Gandhi-King Plaza. Roots: Living Root Bridges of MeghalayaA photo essay documented by Ian Lyngdoh. Bridges in East Khasi Hills of Meghalaya are not built but grown. The photo essay at the Quadrangle Garden from March 24 to 30 shows how villages in Meghalaya use traditional knowledge to engineer a unique bridge building art with living roots of rubber trees. Tectonic LiveAn exhibition of paintings and puppets by Jimmy Chishi which explores the architecture of forms mimicking human movement and inspired by the constructing powers in nature as well as architecture. It attempts to capture the multi-facetedness of living, which is passive and active, organic and inorganic. The work which will be on view from March 24 till the end of the month is inspired by the aesthetics of Bauhaus and traditional Naga renderings. Faces’Every face has a story’ is a bit of a cliché, but every face does tell a story. This series of 10 portraits in charcoal made with photographic references is part of an ongoing project by Joydeep Choudhury to document faces from more than 200 ethnic communities in India’s Northeast and map the region through faces. MukhabhaonaA traditional mask theatre/dance performance by the mask-makers of Majuli; the mukha or mask is an important component of the bhaona – a traditional form of entertainment with a religious message. The performance is a tribute to development activist, SanjoyGhose.’ArtEast’ is a product of NFI’s interventions and investment in India’s northeast region under the NE desk headed by its director Dr Monica Banerjee. NFI has seeded and supported around forty voluntary organisations around constructive work, given fellowships to some 70 journalists, offered capacity building support to youth working towards community development in conflict ridden areas of northeast. The aim has all along been to strengthen civil society – one that appreciates and assimilates diversity and is not given to polarisation. It is this premise for a plural society wherein lies the fundamentals of people-centric good governance. Through this festival the collaborators wanted to bring the potentials and concerns of the region to the consciousness of public in Delhi.last_img read more