Time to Overhaul Science

first_imgA noted advocate of science integrity is leading a team of experts on a program to improve scientific practice and clean up serious failings.The Stanford Medicine News Service has big news: “Researchers announce master plan for better science.” The initiative will be led by John Ioannidis, MD, DSc, professor of medicine and of health research and policy at the Stanford University School of Medicine.We’ve heard from Ioannidis before. He shocked the research establishment a dozen years ago, claiming “Most published research findings are false.” More recently, he complained that “the scientific reward system needs to change” (10/29/14). Last year, his influence led to widespread recognition that “Widespread failure to reproduce research results has triggered a crisis of confidence in research findings, eroding public trust in scientific methodology.”Now, Ioannidis and colleagues at Stanford Medicine have posted a manifesto in the inaugural issue of a new journal, Nature Human Behavior, that addresses four areas of concern in scientific practice: methods, reporting, reproducibility, and evaluation. “There is a way to perform good, reliable, credible, reproducible, trustworthy, useful science,” he thinks, but it’s going to require some big commitments. The impact of bad practice on science’s customers is huge.The manifesto suggests it’s not just scientists themselves who are responsible for improving the quality of science, but also other stakeholders, including research institutions, scientific journals, funders and regulatory agencies. All, said Ioannidis, have important roles to play.Scientists need to understand, he explains, that busy work represents wasted potential. Science is not done for its own sake. Science is for something, and for somebody: the stakeholders, like taxpayers, who throw billions of dollars at it. They have a stake at seeing some motion, some benefit accruing to them, some return on investment.Each year, the U.S. government spends nearly $70 billion on nondefense research and development, including a budget of more than $30 billion for the National Institutes of Health. Yet research on how science is conducted — so-called meta-research — has made clear that a substantial number of published scientific papers fail to move science forward. One analysis, wrote the authors, estimated that as much as 85 percent of the biomedical research effort is wasted.The press release points to a human flaw that plagues science: the tendency to jump the gun and report exciting, serendipitous results, rather than to run a research program to completion according to pre-established practices. Stakeholders need to know about all results, even negative or inconsequential findings. Unexciting results may be even more valuable in the long run, providing a record of what doesn’t work. Another common flaw is massaging data to the point where chance results briefly pop out as statistically significant when they are not.The press release mentions these specific recommendations:Methods: Design your study to minimize bias. Register your flight plan before taking off: what’s your plan? How will you measure success or failure? How will you analyze your results?Reporting: Establish policies to report all findings, even unexciting ones, instead of stuffing them in a file drawer.Reproducibility: Funding agencies and journals can set up standing committees to set standards.Evaluation: The committees can advise, monitor compliance, and incentivize best practices.Given their prominence in society, scientists need to maintain focus on the goal of their work.The ultimate goal is to get to the truth, Ioannidis said. “When we are doing science, we are trying to arrive at the truth. In many disciplines, we want that truth to translate into something that works. But if it’s not true, it’s not going to speed up computer software, it’s not going to save lives and it’s not going to improve quality of life.In an age of post-truth and fake news, Ioannidis’s perspective is refreshing. Dr. Everett Piper, president of Oklahoma Wesleyan University, took some glee last Friday on FRC’s Washington Watch radio program at the secular media’s recent concern over “fake news.” It presupposes, he says, that truth is not relative. His opening commentary is worth hearing in that regard, because it touches on what Ioannidis also said about science’s goal: the truth, and a truth that works.Update 1/12/17: The paper, “A manifesto for reproducible science,” appeared in Nature Human Behavior and is open-access.Biblical truth is always action-oriented. It’s not just out there in the clouds, unrelated to the way we live our lives. Truth should change a person’s behavior. It should guide the individual in right living. We see a parallel here in John Ioannidis’s statement that “we want that truth to translate into something that works.” We don’t want our scientists just cranking out knowledge on all kinds of irrelevant details. An example we have used before is recording the vocalizations of each animal when you step on its foot. What good is that? Most biological research is done on a few model organisms: among them, E. coli, Arabidopsis, and C. elegans. Taking this to the extreme, suppose scientists ran the same research on 8 million other organisms. At some point busy work becomes ridiculous. How many genomes is enough?Pure research has its place; one doesn’t always know the practical value of an experiment. Michael Faraday wisely responded to a government official who asked what was the use of electricity. Faraday answered, “Some day you will be able to tax it.” But no scientist approaches subject matter without some inkling about its potential usefulness. The practical outcome of science is especially important when others are footing the bill. The stakeholders expect truth, and they expect value. If an independently wealthy researcher wants to go off on his own to record the sounds made by animals when he steps on their feet, fine (just don’t tell PETA).We see the sensationalism of science in many ways, often measurable by the perhapsimaybecouldness index (PCI). This molecule “might” lead to a cure for cancer. This fossil “might” shed light on evolution. This particle “might” help us understand the big bang. The scientist or reporter makes these statements and then runs off to something else, never delivering. I can’t tell you how many news reports I read each week about some new promising finding on cancer. Very few of them ever lead to a clinical trial or proof. Meanwhile, people are dying of cancer every day. It would be better not to make those kinds of statements at all than to tease, if there are no plans to follow through.Here’s the take-home message from this manifesto: Big Science is currently getting a failing grade. The manifesto wouldn’t have been needed if, for the past 12 years at least, scientists had a good report card. Some people reading our pages may get a false impression we are anti-science. No, we are anti-bad science. And we say that scientists need to get off their pedestal and realize that everyone needs to be involved in finding truth that translates into good works. We tend to reify science as a subject apart from other forms of knowledge acquisition. But whether you are a historian, an auto mechanic or a pastor, you also need to pursue truth that translates into something that works for people. Scientists might do it studying petunias or Wolf-Rayet stars so that people can appreciate the beauty and variety of God’s creation or so that engineers can use what they learn for human benefit; historians may seek to understand Hitler’s motivations so that his errors are not repeated; auto mechanics by testing replacement parts so that people can drive safely; pastors by seeking to understand the principles of theology so that people will live righteously and harmoniously together under God. We’re all in this together, folks! We’re all scientists trying to make sense of our world (see Doug Axe’s book Undeniable for elaboration). If you are a “professional” scientist, it’s time to pull your share of the load. Start moving that F grade to an A, for the sake of your stakeholders. They don’t owe you a salary.(Visited 69 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Oscar: ‘fastest man on no legs’

first_img14 May 2007Running in the 100 metres at the Nedbank Championships for the Physically Disabled at Germiston Stadium in Johannesburg last month, South African athlete Oscar Pistorius became the first amputee to break the 11-second barrier, flying to victory in 10.91 seconds.He followed that up with two more world records, clocking 21.58 seconds in the 200 metres and 49.16 seconds in the 400 metres.That made it 26 times that Pistorius has broken a world record for an athlete with a disability since he first burst onto the scene at the 2004 Athens Paralympics. Then just 17 years old, he took gold in the 200 metres in 21.97, breaking the old record by a full four-fifths of a second.At the 2005 Paralympic World Cup in Manchester he stormed to gold in the 100m and 200m – and returned to the same venue to clinch the double again in 2006 and 2007.However, as with another famous South African Paralympian, one-legged swimmer Natalie du Toit, it is when Pistorius measures himself against athletes without disability that his story gets really interesting.Where does a man with no legs stand?The 20-year-old has run significantly faster than his 200m and 400m world records – he’s registered a 21.34 and an astonishing 46.56 respectively – but the times were not counted by the International Paralympic Committee because they came in competition against athletes without disability.The funny thing is: the ruling body for so-called “able-bodied” athletics, the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF), was apparently not impressed with Pistorius’ efforts, either.So where does a man with no legs stand?Pistorius is a double amputee, having had both legs amputated when he was 11 months old because he was born without fibulas, which are bones found between the knee and the ankle.Critics are suddenly saying that the carbon fibre “blades” Pistorius uses when he races give him an unfair advantage. The issue has never seriously been raised before – for the simple reason that nobody has ever produced the kind of results Pistorius is now producing.In a class of his ownAt the South African Senior Track and Field Championships in Durban in March, Pistorius came second in the 400 metres in a time of 46.56 seconds, prompting Independent on Saturday correspondent Mike Rowbottom to call him the “fastest man on no legs”.Speaking to Rowbottom, British Paralympic legend Tanni Grey-Thompson described Pistorius as a “stunning talent … He is as far ahead of his Paralympic rivals as Michael Johnson was over his Olympic 400m competitors 10 years ago.”Where the IAAF has a problem, it would seem, is that Pistorius’ time puts him within realistic reach of qualifying for the 2007 IAAF World Championships and the 2008 Beijing Olympics.As Trevor Brauckmann, Pistorius’ prostheticist, sees it: “[T]he world is not ready to face the fact that a disabled athlete can be competitive with able-bodied athletes.”Pistorius says he has held talks with Athletics South Africa about competing against able-bodied athletes, and that the International Olympic Committee’s stance seems to be favourable, but that the IAAF seems to want to close the door on him.IAAF rules against ‘technical aids’In its April newsletter, the body notes that it has studied the 143 rule change proposals that will be presented to the IAAF Congress in Osaka, Japan in August, just ahead of the World Championships.In 142 cases, the body has indicated where it stands on the proposed rule change, “so as to provide guidance for IAAF Congress delegates who will be called on to vote in Osaka.”One rule, however, was approved and brought into immediate effect by the IAAF council on 27 March – the rule relating to the use of “technical aids” in competition. “The new Rule 144.2 (e) enforces that the use of any technical device that incorporates, springs, wheels, etc is forbidden,” the IAAF said in its newsletter.The body has reportedly scheduled a meeting for 1 August to discuss the issue.Arguments for and againstAccording to Rowbottom, some argue that Pistorius’ carbon-fibre prosthetics – which have blades rather than feet at their tip – are longer than they need to be, making him taller than he would naturally be and providing him with excess spring.Grey-Thompson told Rowbottom she had been expecting Pistorius to be banned. “When he was running less quickly, it was all quite jolly, but as soon as he started running fast times, that’s it.”Grey-Thompson believes there’s an argument both ways. “People will say [Pistorius] can pick the length and style of his prosthetics, so maybe that gives him an unfair advantage. I think it’s probably more of a disadvantage to be running with two lower limbs missing.”While conceding that there is logic in the likely IAAF position, Grey-Thompson adds: “I’d like to see some well-researched evidence that the prosthetics give Oscar an unfair advantage rather than for the decision to be taken because of fear of disability.“I think this has provoked a debate about what it is to be disabled and what it is to be able-bodied.”Running with prostheticsProstheticist Trevor Brauckmann, in a recent letter to the website The Final Sprint, wrote: “It is my opinion that a lot is being made of the ‘advantage’ that [Pistorius] has with his ‘carbon fibre blades,’ and not enough is said about the disadvantages that he and other disabled athletes face.”Prosthetics have to be individually tailored to each patient, Brauckmann says; what is good for one doesn’t necessarily work for another.“This is similar to a set of golf clubs,” he writes. “Just because they are made from a carbon fibre composite does not mean that you can hit a ball further or more accurately. You still have to be able to play golf and execute the stroke accurately and efficiently.”Alignment is very important for athletes using prosthetics, Brauckmann adds. While an able-bodied athlete can correct for his feet hitting the ground at the wrong angle, an athlete running with a prosthetic is unable to do so.In addition, athletes like Pistorius lack feet and ankle muscles and cartilage to absorb shock, which travels through their stumps and into their knees, hips and backs.Other disadvantages include “stump balance, stumps that hurt and bleed, size and volume changes in the stumps, [prosthetic] legs falling off during a race, components breaking or coming loose, and ‘wheel alignment’ of the feet.”Pistorius’ own counter-argument is much simpler; why, he asks, have other athletes, using similar prosthetics, failed to produce competitive times? Or in other words: I’m good at what I do, and don’t deserve to be punished for it.A name made for a movieNot surprisingly, Pistorius has already had approaches from people interested in making a film about his life. There have been rumours that actor Tom Hanks is interested in his story, though Pistorius says there has been no contact with the actor so far.He says he has spoken to his management team about making a movie and, although it is something he would like to do, he would rather tackle the project later.For now, he feels he is only at the beginning of his athletics career, and wants to focus on that. Want to use this article in your publication or on your website?See: Using SAinfo materiallast_img read more

New state network goes online

first_img8 February 2008The launch of the R450-million Next Generation Network (NGN) gives South African state institutions and government departments access to a faster communications network with the ability to run voice, video and data services at lower cost.The network, developed by the State Information Technology Agency (Sita), landline operator Neotel and Business Connexion, replaces the Government Common Core Network (GCCN), which was used since 2003.The project started in May 2007, and the migration of government departments was concluded in January.“Sita previously announced that since the GCCN’s implementation, capacity requirements on the network had grown by 150% year-on-year, but there had been no major bandwidth upgrades to support the increase,” Neotel said in a statement on Tuesday.Sita CEO Llewellyn Jones said that with the NGN in place, “we can now provide government departments with better response times and a higher quality network that has the ability to run voice, video and data services.”With the deployment of the NGN, Sita can now utilise the network’s additional capacity to create more virtual private networks, cater for additional ports to connect clients and provide broadband solutions.Public Service and Administration Minister Geraldine Fraser-Moleketi said the NGN project demonstrated the importance of “forging the right partnerships between the public and private sector.”Neotel was awarded a five-year contract to provide national backbone transmission services to support the new NGN. Its high-capacity links connect Sita’s sites in major cities and towns countrywide with nearly 700 megabits per second of transmission bandwidth – nearly double the bandwidth previously available.The investment also entailed a R76-million upgrade of the GCCN backbone from Nortel to Cisco technology. Business Connexion supplied, installed and will support the network equipment on the NGN for three years.Neotel MD Ajay Pandey said the company’s efforts were directed towards fulfilling their promise to South Africans, which was to reduce the cost of doing business and to bridge the digital divide.Subsequent phases of the NGN will entail installation of dual routes into 10 of Sita’s switching centres, which will commence in May. Intrusion prevention devices will also be installed at customer sites from July.SAinfo reporter Want to use this article in your publication or on your website?See: Using SAinfo materiallast_img read more

Davis Cup young guns raring to go

first_img22 October 2013Tucker Vorster and Japie De Klerk are on cloud nine after both players received a call from South African Davis Cup captain, John-Laffnie De Jager, requesting their availability for the forthcoming Davis Cup tie against Russia.Vorster and De Klerk jetted into the Russian capital on Sunday with the rest of the South African Davis Cup squad and shortly after arrival were hard at work in the Olympic Tennis Stadium preparing for this coming weekend’s tie.It takes place in Moscow from 25 to 27 October and is one of the most important challenges the South African team has faced in years. They have to beat Russia to remain in Euro/Africa Group 1. If they lose, they will slip into Group 2 and once down in that Group the road back to Group 1 is a long and tough one.Missing playersDe Jager is without his top six choices due to unavailability, injuries and personal reasons.Raven Klaasen, the country’s top world ranked doubles player is available and rising star Dean O’Brien, who was chosen for the Slovenian tie two months ago but didn’t make the final line-up for that tie, also confirmed his availability for the clash with Russia.De Jager then made a call to select Vorster and De Klerk and both players jumped at the opportunity.An honour and a privilegeVorster, from Pretoria, is currently in Great Britain playing on the Futures Circuit. He said it was an honour and a privilege to be representing his country.“From a young age it has been a dream and a goal to play Davis Cup, so I am very thankful and fortunate for this amazing opportunity and incredibly excited to experience my first tie against world class players,” he said in a statement on Monday.Now aged 25, Vorster represented South Africa for the first time at the age of 14. “I played in the Junior World Championships in France, as well as the African Junior Championships in Tunisia,” the former winner of the South African Junior Nationals in the boys’ under-18 age group said.Futures TourAfter his junior years, he played four years of US college tennis at The University of Mississippi (Ole Miss), where he also received a degree in Psychology. Since finishing college, Vorster has turned professional and has had steady success on the Futures Tour. He is planning on playing the ATP Challenger Tour from 2014.De Klerk, like Vorster was one of South Africa’s most successful junior players. As an under-12 and under-14 player, De Klerk won the Nike Junior Tour South African Masters and represented South Africa at the International Masters in France and Spain respectively.From Ashton, he went to school in Stellenbosch, and is presently at the University of Tulsa in Tulsa, Oklahoma and reached the semi-finals of the recent NCAA Championships.‘A big surprise’At only 21-years-of-age, De Klerk is ranked impressively at number 12 in the US College rankings. “I am extremely excited and honoured to have been picked to play Davis Cup for my country. I did not think that it was going to happen so soon in my career, so when I got that call from John-Laffnie it sure came as a big surprise for me,” he said.De Jager said he was confident of his choice of Vorster and De Klerk for the South African team. “Tucker has been knocking on the Davis Cup door for some time. He has impressed on the Futures Circuit and can play solid singles and doubles, which is important for our team.‘A team for the future’“Japie is playing great tennis and proved his worth by reaching the last four of the tough NCAA Champs. Exposing both Tucker and Japie to Davis Cup so early in their careers is good for both of them individually and helps me build a solid, young team for the future.”In a late move, the Russian Tennis Federation changed the venue for the forthcoming tie from the Tennis Palace of Army Central Sport Club to the Olympic Stadium, which according to the Russians is a “far better facility” and “was not available initially but only on Wednesday did become available”.South Africa have approved the late change of venue. The surface remains indoor hardcourt.TEAMSSouth AfricaDean O’Brien, Tucker Vorster, Jacob (Japie) de Klerk, Raven KlaasenCaptain: John-Laffnie de JagerRussiaAlex Bogomolov Jr, Andrey Kuznetsov, Karen Khachanov, Konstantin KravchukCaptain: Shamil TarpischevSAinfo reporterlast_img read more

Homecoming Revolution: African New Yorkers want to come home

first_img30 September 2015Executive recruitment firm Homecoming Revolution’s Speed Meet: New York interactive event was held on the 24th and 25th of September 2015 at the Thomson Reuters building in Times Square, in the heart of New York City. The two day event included an informal dinner on the Thursday evening, followed by a full day of networking one-on-one discussions between Homecoming representatives, businesspeople from Africa and 130 Africans living and working in the USA, interested in exploring career opportunities on the continent.Top companies, including Thomson Reuters, Deloitte, Nigeria’s CSCS and Brand South Africa, as well as incredible keynote speakers, inspired the audience with very real examples of the potential and opportunities back in Africa.Brand South Africa is a partner of the Homecoming Revolution initiative. It is aimed at inspiring South Africans and Africans living and working abroad to consider returning to their home countries to work towards creating positive change for the continent, economically and socially.Significant shift in reasons why Africans in the US are returning to #Africa http://t.co/5m0dJ1Svno #SpeedMeetNYC pic.twitter.com/gKGh9k0Q0e— HomecomingRevolution (@HomecomingRev) Septemb er 29, 2015“It was surprisingly encouraging to see how hungry candidates were to make a name for themselves back on the continent,” said Homecoming Revolution chief executive Angel Jones of the gathering. “No longer is New York seen by Africans as a place to make their mark; instead, the likes of Johannesburg, Nairobi and Lagos are now regarded as the key cities to drive your career.”There had been a substantial shift in people wanting to do transactions and deals that contributed tangibly to their home countries, as opposed to working on deals in first world countries, explained Faye Condy, Homecoming Revolution director.“People are no longer being pulled home just by family and emotional ties. Ambition and drive are key factors that are drawing Africans home,” added Jones.Congrats @HomecomingRev & @angel1jones for a fantastic #Africa #diaspora event in #NYC last week! Proud! #heartafrica pic.twitter.com/smVurjAy8K— Semhar (@Semhar) September 30, 2015Inspirational brand architect @ThebeIkalafeng addressing the audience at #SpeedMeetNYC @brandafrica #heartAfrica pic.twitter.com/lgLjZ1AiMg— HomecomingRevolution (@HomecomingRev) Septemb er 29, 2015With Africa’s economic potential and growing global significance being unlocked, it was the perfect time for Africans with skills and talents to offer the continent to come home, said Sneha Shah, the managing director of Thomson Reuters Africa. “You are meeting people with ideas and solutions in Africa all the time. There’s a sense of purpose and belonging. It’s a fantastic adventure.”Shaori Ajodha, talent acquisition recruitment leader at Deloitte, echoed these sentiments, saying, “there are endless opportunities to make an impact that matters in Africa”.Africans overseas were encouraged to consider the possibilities of returning to Africa by Acha Leke, senior partner at McKinsey & Co Africa. Leke was a keynote speaker at the New York event. “Before we were begging people to come home and make a difference. You are missing out if you aren’t on the continent right now – you have seen all the statistics.“If we don’t change things, who will? My message is simple: come home. You will look back one day and question why you didn’t,” Leke [email protected] inspiring the audience at #SpeedMeetNYC with @AfrikaTikkun‘s work in South Africa #heartAfrica pic.twitter.com/vCUuGylbCY— HomecomingRevolution (@HomecomingRev) Septemb er 29, 2015Africans abroad were truly missing out on an incredibly exciting time on the continent, added Alex Okosi, senior vice-president and managing director of Viacom Africa. “I encourage you to all think about your African journey. You can all take us to the next phase of the African renaissance.”Africa would only thrive if Africans supported and believed in it, stressed Global African branding and reputation architect Thebe Ikalafeng. “When you see challenges in Africa you should take it as an opportunity. Come back to Africa because it has a future.”Amadou Daffe, CEO & Co-Founder of @Coders4africa at #SpeedMeetNYC #heartAfrica pic.twitter.com/7Bo3ulJ5M5— HomecomingRevolution (@HomecomingRev) Septemb er 29, 2015Other speakers included Liz Ngonzi of Afrika Tikkun USA; Mudunwazi Baloyi of Brand South Africa; Feyisayo Oshinkanlu of Young African MBAs; and Amadou Daffe of Coders4Africa. The event was also an opportunity to showcase the Kisua fashion brand. Kisua, based in New York, promotes the continent’s brightest design talent to the rest of the world.Of course #heartAfrica @HomecomingRev @Prosper4Africa #speedmeetNYC pic.twitter.com/j3rxLZAgIR— Ninel (@ninellara) September 25, 2015Attendees spread the good word on social media, with photos and words of support for the work done by Jones and the team at Homecoming Revolution.So gr8 meeting these awesome #Africans @ #speedmeetNYC looking to give back to the continent. @HomecomingRev pic.twitter.com/xi4uU5N0tS— Liz Ngonzi (@LizNgonzi) September 25, 2015Homecoming Revolution will host its next Speed Meet in London at the Park Plaza Victoria Hotel on 4 and 5 March 2016.Source: Homecoming Revolution South Africalast_img read more

Social? Really? Folks – It’s About the Data

first_imgThe question I always come back to when I hear the term Enterprise 2.0 is one that I think my buddy Dennis Howlett would ask. I mean, who gives a flying trombone? That’s not really how Dennis would say it. I will let him express himself in his own words about why anyone in their right mind would pay for anything with a high price tag that has a big fat social label on it.Here’s what gets me. We get so wrapped up about collaboration concepts and the nuances of social. In this upside down world, social is a term that is more commonly use to describe enterprise architecture than it is about sharing a beer with your mates.Really? Is that what we are talking about? No.It’s about the data and how apps are built in the most efficient manner possible. I was reminded of this during last week’s Gillmor Gang when they talked about Google and Microsoft’s search quarrels. Cognitive Automation is the Immediate Future of… 3 Areas of Your Business that Need Tech Now Its software architecture is designed for desktops, not servers. That’s an issue that forces it to be a solutions oriented company like IBM.The jury is still out about Facebook but the company has built a data infrastructure that has set it apart from almost any other competitor in the world. It’s UX extends the metaphor of the gesture in a way that companies such as Salesforce.com seek to emulate.Howlett grumbles and groans about the social fever that makes enterprise managers look more like a court believing the emperor really is resplendent with jewels.But I say try this:Turn the context to data and you will see companies in a different light. It will give a fuller perspective about how these companies build applications. That’s better than labeling them into some abstract category that people scratch their heads about between tweets.Look at modern applications and you see the difference that data makes. We layer activity stream technologies into interfaces that presents data in streams that we use to share information. That’s as important as using data to predict sales for a service or spotting new banks of customers. You have to talk with people. That’s part of doing business.So, let’s think about this a bit differently. We can argue endlessly about the promises of social business and Enterprise 2.0. Fine. I will argue all night over dinner about the merits of language and metaphors for getting what you want in the market.But I think we can have a fuller conversation about the market by looking at companies through a data prism more than if we create a tempest in a tea cup about the social way we want to be.Perhaps we just don’t communicate that well. And that’s why we so insist to talk about being social. Personally, I’d prefer the social life to fit between my tweets. It’s more fun that way, isn’t it? Back and forth they argued. Steve Gillmor said search is not even hot anymore. I have to agree. Search is being replaced by data as what now defines success. Google, Facebook and Microsoft are competing to give the best UX that presents contextual information in a cost efficient manner to the end customer. Google’s architecture holds up under scrutiny. It’s built on Big Tables with MapReduce layered on top. Every app on Google runs on that same stack. That means for affordable apps that can leverage a pooled compute infrastructure. That’s powerful.Microsoft? They have cost issues with their online services. The losses keep piling up. The online services group is on track to lose $3 billion. Massive Non-Desk Workforce is an Opportunity fo…center_img alex williams Tags:#Analysis#enterprise Related Posts IT + Project Management: A Love Affairlast_img read more

After Effects Video Tutorial: 3D Corner Text

first_img2Parent the light to the camera and set the position of the light to match that of the camera. 1Create a new composition with a null object, 50mm camera, and a point light with shadows. 6Move the text layer in front of the null object in 3D space. 5Set keyframes to have the text scale up from zero over the course of 10 frames. 4Use the pan behind tool to move the anchor point of the text to the bottom corner of the text. 3Create a new 3D text layer. 10Rotate the null object to show text 2 animating on. In this Premiumbeat exclusive tutorial we show you how to animate 3D text around corners in Adobe After Effects.Follow the technique in this After Effects tutorial to animate text around the edges of a 3D object. The tutorial covers:3D Anchor PointsEasy-Ease KeyframesKey-framing CamerasSnapping Vertexes TogetherThis After Effects tutorial specifically covers 3D corner text but there are a lot of potential uses for applying anchor points in 3D space. For example, using particle generators or Element 3D to accompany the text can add further stylization than simply having text and a background.More of a reader than a watcher? Follow along with the step-by-step tutorial below. Click any image for larger view. center_img 7Move the text layer in front of the null object in 3D space. 9Set Position and rotation keyframes to the end of the text 1 animation. Move text 2 to begin animating at the end of text 1. 8Duplicate the text layer and move it to the end of the 3D text. You can rotate the text to make an edge. 12Push text 3 back to begin after text 2 has animated. Set keyframes on the null object to move to the text. 11Duplicate text 2 and rotate 90 degrees over the x-axis. Holding down control you can move the text to snap in to place at the vertex of text 2 and text 1. Have any other tips for using 3D corner text? Share in the comments below.last_img read more

Video Gear: Is the Fuji X-T3 a Viable Option for Filmmakers?

first_imgAs filmmakers increasingly turn to quality over quantity of features, the Fuji X-T3 is starting to attract some attention.When Fuji announced the XT-3 in 2018, it was a surprising addition to an already-saturated camera market. Now, with so many viable cameras on the market, filmmakers seem to be gravitating toward a balance between how many features a camera offers and the quality of those features. The Fuji X-T3 might be the best of both worlds.In this article, we’ll explore some of the reasons filmmakers are making the leap into the Fuji ecosystem.Color ScienceThe color science behind the Fuji line of cameras and film stock is simply exceptional, and it has been for years. Filmmakers have been emulating Fuji’s film stock with a variety of film simulation plugins for digital capture. No matter the feature list of any camera, if the image doesn’t look great, then it’s irrelevant. However, this is not the case with the Fuji X-T3, now that we’re seeing the production of coveted and emulated color science with the digital filmmaker in mind. Nestled inside the Fuji X-T3 is their very own log color profile, F-Log, which makes grading the footage to the look you want much easier. This feature makes the camera a viable option for cinema application. (If you choose not to film in F-Log, you can use one of the 16 built-in film simulations.) The FUJIFILM X-T3 offers 16 Film Simulation modes so that you can match your true photographic intention in a similar way to how photographers used to choose purpose-specific photographic films. This unique philosophy reflects Fujifilm’s heritage and color science know-how, nurtured by over 80 years of film manufacturing.Recording RatesThe X-T3 offers an impressive catalog of recording options. Most notably, the camera features 4K 60p at a 4:2:0 10-bit color space — internally. With the addition of an external recorder, the X-T3 is capable to 4K 60p at a 4:2:2 10-bit color space. This feature alone tops many cinema-grade cameras, like the Canon C300 Mark II. A 400 mbps H.265 10-bit 4:2:2 color space at 23.98fps 4K feature is an impressive base codec. With the same data rates as the GH5, but with an APS-C sensor, the XT-3 features strong recording options. AutofocusImage via pierpaoloperri.Fuji improved their autofocus feature with the X-T3. For filmmakers who consider autofocus a necessity, the XT-3 features a 2.16M pixel phase detection autofocus system. The improved face-detection makes vlogging or portraits a breeze.The performance of face-detection AF on a moving person has been doubled. The eye-detection AF works in AF-C mode, maintaining accurate focus-tracking with portraits. It focuses precisely when shooting people from the front or side.LensesFuji’s long history of lens manufacturing is not lost in the lenses compatible with the X-T3. Fuji lenses are known for being exceptionally sharp and well-built, and they provide superb image quality that rivals other top photographic lens manufacturers. With a large catalog of options, you won’t want for lens options. However, if you’re switching over from another system, changing your entire lens library may be a bit of a hassle, but the payoff may be worth the effort. Overall, the Fuji XT-3 is a great option for many filmmakers. The feature-packed camera offers wonderful color science, strong codecs, and great lenses. For content creators looking for something different (and a great image), the X-T3 may just be what you’re after.Cover image via pierpaoloperri.Looking for more articles on film and video gear? Check these out.New Filmmaker Tips For Using The Blackmagic Pocket Cinema Camera 4kHands-On Review: G-Technology’s G-Drive Mobile Pro SSD5 Things to Consider When Buying a New CameraThe Holiday Gift Guide For Every Filmmaker and Film Enthusiast on Your ListHands-On Review: The Blackmagic Pocket Cinema Camera 4Klast_img read more

Mayweather outpunches McGregor in latter rounds

first_imgREAD: Mayweather stops McGregor in 10th roundMayweather, who upped his record to 50-0, was also the more accurate puncher landing 170 of his 320 throws for a 53 percent clip and even his power punches, 152-of-261, were so accurate at 58 percent.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutMcGregor managed to land 111 of his total 430 punches but connected just 84 of his 332 power strikes.Interestingly, McGregor, who was stopped midway through the 10th, landed more punches in this fight than Manny Pacquiao did against Mayweather in their 2015 showdown which went the distance. View comments Pacquiao, as per Compubox, landed just 81 punches in 12 rounds.RELATED VIDEO SEA Games in Calabarzon safe, secure – Solcom chief LATEST STORIES Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf PLAY LIST 01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games MOST READ LOOK: Venues for 2019 SEA Games Floyd Mayweather Jr. hits Conor McGregor in a super welterweight boxing match Saturday, Aug. 26, 2017, in Las Vegas. (AP Photo/Isaac Brekken)Floyd Mayweather Jr. may have been on the receiving end of Conor McGregor’s punches in the early rounds, but “Money” scored when it mattered the most.After McGregor outpunched Mayweather, 51-40, in the first five rounds, boxing’s former pound-for-pound king turned the tables on the Irishman, landing 130 punches as compared to the Notorious’ 60 from the sixth to the 10th round, as per Compubox.ADVERTISEMENT Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Read Next I’m finished says Mayweather after McGregor rout4K viewsSportsVentuno Web Player 4.51 Catriona Gray spends Thanksgiving by preparing meals for people with illnesses WATCH: Streetboys show off slick dance moves in Vhong Navarro’s wedding LIST: Class, gov’t work suspensions during 30th SEA Games SEA Games: PH’s Alisson Perticheto tops ice skating short program UPLB exempted from SEA Games class suspension Pacquiao commends McGregor, Mayweatherlast_img read more

On Christmas Day, a well-deserved applause for the ‘other’ team in action

first_imgBefore the PBA held Christmas Day games, Mich Flores spent the 25th of December with her family, serving in church. Her mother and twin sisters would join her as lectors while her father acts as lay minister.“Other ministers usually go to their provinces or spend time with family and relatives during Christmas time, so we’re the only ones left,” she said.ADVERTISEMENT 8th Top Leaders Forum assessed the progress of public-private efforts in building climate and disaster resilient communities View comments Ighot and operations assistant Neil Tibajares miss their old Christmas Day routine, but helping spread holiday cheer more than makes up for that.“You give up time with your family, but you get to make PBA fans happy,” said Tibajares.That’s what everyone in Team PBA focuses mostly on: How to help fans maximize their Christmas experience with the league.“There are a few people who will be sad that I have to work on Christmas Day but compare that to the thousands who become happy because they get to watch the PBA on Christmas Day,” said Ancheta. “If these people choose to spend their Christmas with the PBA, who am I to complain?”Flores added: “Every time I see families, friends together at Christmas time during games, I feel thankful. In our own small way, we get to bring them together, put smiles on their faces while watching a basketball game.”It’s this kind of thinking that makes it easy for Team PBA members to endure being away from family on Christmas Day. It is this attitude that helps them work tirelessly to make sure fans enjoy their Dec. 25.But at the core of that thinking, at the heart of that attitude lies something else.Imagine: After running around venues making sure fans get to maximize their day in the PBA, ensuring the media gets everything it needs for a seamless coverage, making sure action after breathless action gets posted on social media, Team PBA huddles back to their own dugout with no applause to usher them off the court.When the lights fade and the cheering is reduced to distant echoes in an empty coliseum, there are no long queues of adoring fans eager hungry for autographs and photo-ops.And yet, the happiness in their faces is unmistakable. Marcial, the indefatigable communications and external affairs director who is currently the league’s officer-in-charge, understands perfectly why. Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City Read Next Do not bring these items in SEA Games venues Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. MOST READ “For me, the PBA is no longer work. It’s our passion,” he said. “This is what we want. This is the PBA. What else is there to want?”As far as Team PBA’s dedication to their passion? Nothing else. —WITH A REPORT FROM RANDOLPH B. LEONGSON Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMCcenter_img Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa BI on alert for illegally deployed OFWs to Iraq Premier Volleyball League spikes inaugural season with 3 conferences, 3 champions Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH LATEST STORIES Asian shares slide on weak Japan data; US markets closed But they’re out there grinding—for the sake of fans who take time out to spend Christmas Day soaking in the country’s finest basketball brand and, in the case of media bureau staff members Flores and Hazel Ancheta, those who couldn’t make it.“We cut videos of games that are posted on Instagram,” said Ancheta.Talk among NBA old-timers is that Red Auerbach didn’t want the Boston Celtics playing on the 25th at home because it deprived arena workers of a chance to spend Christmas with their families.The PBA office employees have no choice. No matter what team gets assigned to play on Christmas, they show up and make sure operations run smoothly.“It’s fulfilling because you get to give something back to fans,” said Rouselle Ighot, the league’s in-venue and events officer who supervises activities for sponsors and fans.ADVERTISEMENT Cayetano: 4 social media groups behind SEA Games ‘sabotage’ Today, the 25th means running social media sites and making sure they keep up with all the basketball action going on.Willie Marcial, meanwhile, remembers traveling to Batangas to spend time with his family and “sharing drinks with friends” on Christmas Day. Nowadays, he manages traffic inside the press room, tending to the needs of sports journalists. If the game calls for it, Marcial steps on the court to intervene when things go out of hand between teams.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderIn the Philippine Basketball Association, teams normally get booked for Christmas Day matches if: a. They are Barangay Ginebra, b. They are Barangay Ginebra’s designated foe, or c. They serve as the opening match in a doubleheader featuring Barangay Ginebra.But there is another team that works on Christmas Day, only its members never make the highlight reel. They do not walk to the court showered in thunderous applause. And neither are there names called out in booming fashion over the public address system.last_img read more